Dr Jai Galliott

Research Fellow - Indo-Pacific Defence
Bachelor of Arts (MQ), Bachelor of Arts (Honours) (CSU), Doctor of Philosophy (MQ)
School of Social Sciences

Contact

+ 61 (0)424 043 247
Morven Brown
Kensington Campus
Fields: Defence Studies, Human Bioethics, Computer System Security, Applied Ethics, Government and Politics of Asia and the Pacific
Tags: Bioethics, Emerging Defence Technologies, Defence and Security Policy, Defence, International Relations

Galliott is a defence analyst and expert on the socio-ethical and strategic issues associated with the employment of emerging technologies, including cyber systems, autonomous vehicles and soldier augmentation technologies as they affect Australia and the world abroad. His most recent publications include the following books:

  • Technology and the Future of Spying: Technology, National Security and Intelligence Collection (Routledge 2016)
  • Military Robots: Mapping the Moral Landscape (Ashgate 2015)
  • Super Soldiers: The Ethical, Legal and Social Implications (Ashgate 2015)
  • Commercial Space Exploration: Ethics, Policy and Governance (Ashgate 2015)

Galliott has received competitive research funding from the Commonwealth Goverment, Defence Science and Technology Organisation, and the Australian Army. He served briefly as an officer of the Royal Australian Navy prior to commencing his academic career and is an associate of the Consortium on Emerging Technologies, Military Operations, and National Security (CETMONS), the Consortium for Robotics and Unmanned Systems Education and Research (CRUSER) and is a member of the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies (IEET). He has spoken on defence and strategic studies at prestigious venues including Oxford University and the United Nations in Geneva, as well as for ABC Television, BBC World Service, Triple M, and The Wire. He has also written for The Sydney Morning Herald & The Canberra Times.

Galliott is keen to engage in collaborative research, supervise research students and speak with anyone sharing related interests.

Research

Dr. Jai Galliott is Lecturer in the Australian Centre for Cyber Security within School of Engineering and Information Technology of the University of New South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy.

Galliott initially trained as a Principal Warfare Officer in Her Majesty's Royal Australian Navy, but honourably resigned his commission in 2007 to pursue an academic career unavailable to him in the services, and has since received numerous degrees, the first a Bachelor of Arts (with High Distinction) in philosophy and sociology from Macquarie University in Sydney, where he won the inaugural Communities of Enquiry Prize. He then secured an Honours Scholarship from Charles Sturt University, receiving Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy with First Class Honours for a dissertation on the ethics and efficacy of military robotics and, finally, completed his tertiary education with a PhD on the ethical and social implication of autonomous systems from Macquarie University, supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award. Galliott was the first person in Macquarie University's history to submit a full book manuscript as a thesis-by-publication for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, which was awarded without corrections.

He held appointments in the Department of Philosophy at Macquarie University from 2012-2015. From 2015-2016, he was 'Senior Researcher' in on half-a-million-dollar grant awarded to the School of Social Sciences at the University of New South Wales at Kensington by the Australian Department of Defence for the provision of advice on the tactical and strategic issues associated with the rapid uptake of emerging military technologies and their potential impact upon the Australian Defence Force. During this project, Galliott developed a strong research partnership with the Department of Defence and developed a series of original research articles on the implications of autonomous systems and the broader impact of technology upon the personnel and force structure of the services in response to their stated needs. Galliott then again held appointments at Macquarie University and was later offered a highly competitive Sêr Cymru II Fellowship, part funded by the European Commission through the Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions  (MSCA) COFUND scheme, for a project that was to critically analyse how cumulative technological innovations in the security and defence space have elevated the role of individuals – particularly warfighters, politicians and technologists – in modern virtual and remote conflict, challenging existing concepts, doctrines, risk frameworks and military/non-military actors themselves. Grateful for the offer, he instead assumed his current role at the Australian Defence Force Academy. Galliott also operates a private defence consultancy firm, DefenceTech Consulting and, earlier in his career, received competitive funding from the Australian Army and the Defence Science & Technology Group of the Australian Department of Defence to conduct research and prepare reports for military stakeholders on autonomous systems, soldier enhancement, cyber warfare and related topics.

Galliott has developed a reputation as Australia's foremost expert on the socio-ethical implications of autonomous systems and is regarded as an internationally respected scholar on emerging military technologies more generally. He authored one of the first book-length scholarly monographs on the ethics of autonomous weapons systems, Military Robots: Mapping the Moral Landscape (Ashgate 2015/Routledge 2016) and has published numerous books and dozens of articles and books chapters on directly related topics. Recent reviews of Galliott's publications by a diverse range of scholars and practitioners point to the quality and international significance of his research:

‘Jai Galliott, in this path-breaking book, sets out to explore the application of this tradition to a number of questions that arise with regard to the use of military robots in contemporary war. In particular, he is interested in armed drones. The research is thorough, the arguments elegant, and the conclusions thought-provoking. The book will be the foundation for future research on the topic’ – Prof. Mervyn Frost, Kings College, London, in the RUSI Journal

‘A solid, carefully considered and down-to-earth resource with absolute relevance for those in the military who lead and protect at the sharp end, and indeed for anyone who ponders the changing character of warfare’ - Warren Reed, former intelligence officer, Australian. Secret Intelligence Service

‘The insights offered by Dr Galliott make this book essential reading for anyone who wishes to understand the nuances and stark choices facing policymakers, the military, humanitarian advocates and society in prosecuting armed conflict against the background of an ongoing quest for a non-violent future’ – Dr. Joseph Savirimuthu, The Liverpool Law School, UK

‘Jai Galliott’s book leads us through a terrain that is frightening and exciting at the same time. The book captures this two-sidedness of military robots and their manifold uses admirably well. Both a concise analysis of morality and responsibility and an impressive overview of the field of military robotics, this is a crucial volume’ – Dr. Henrik Syse, Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Norway, in the Journal of Military Ethics

‘Why do states and militaries prefer to develop and employ military robots? How do we evaluate the strong and weak points of modern military robots from moral and technological perspectives? How can we draw lessons from the complexities of modern military technology? Readers will find answers to these questions in Military Robots by Jai Galliott—a brilliant applied ethicist and military theorist’ – Dr. Kai Chen, Xiamen University, China, in International Affairs

His work is concerned with how technological innovations in the defence and security space have enabled a shift away from industrialised warfare, toward a new form of individualised distance conflict that, while offering important benefits, challenges existing concepts, doctrines, risk frameworks and military/non-military actors themselves in ways that are not always obvious from the study of single technologies. He is particularly interested in examining the origins of these challenges in the remnant tensions between the moral, legal, political, technical and strategic needs of the relevant stakeholders, as well as reconciling some of these tensions by devising and deploying an analytical frameworks grounded in applied-social sciences to inform public debate on emerging military technologies and, innovatively, offer value-sensitive guidance to civilian and military policy-makers and technical designers.

He has been invited to speak on the topic of autonomous systems at prestigious government and non-government forums across the world, including Oxford University, the Halifax International Security Forum, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and expert meetings convened by the United Nations at the Palace of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. He is also an associate of the Consortium on Emerging Technologies, Military Operations, and National Security (CETMONS), the US Navy Consortium for Robotics and Unmanned Systems Education and Research (CRUSER), the Programme on the Regulation of Emerging Technologies at the University of Melbourne, and is a member of the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies (IEET). He regularly contributes to the work of international media outlets, including CNN, ABC Television and the BBC World Service. He is Lead Editor of the Routledge book series on Emerging Technologies, Ethics and International Affairs, as well Associate Editor of IEEE Technology & Society Magazine.

Galliott's AGSVA security clearance was last reviewed in March 2017.

Publications

    Books

    Book Chapters

    • Galliott J;Kozary C, 2018, 'The Panopticon', in Arrigo B; Golson G (ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Surveillance, Security and Privacy, SAGE, Thousand Oaks
    • Galliott JC, 2017, 'Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems: Proliferation, Disengagement and Disempowerment', in Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems: Technology, Definition, Ethics, Law & Security, Federal Foreign Office, Frankfurt, pp. 85 - 97
    • Galliott JC, 2017, 'Killer Artificial Intelligence', in Arp R (ed.), The X-Files and Philosophy: The Truth Is In Here, Open Court Press, Chicago, pp. 275 - 282
    • Galliott JC, 2017, 'The Individualisation of War: Problems and Challenges', in Ethics Under Fire: Challenges for the Australian Army, New South Press, Sydney, https://www.newsouthbooks.com.au/books/ethics-under-fire/
    • Galliott JC, 2017, 'On the Unabomber and Robots: The Need for a Philosophy of Technology Geared Toward Human Ends', in Lin P; Abney K; Jenkins R (ed.), Robot Ethics 2.0: New Challenges in Philosophy, Law, and Society, Oxford University Press, New York, https://global.oup.com/academic/product/robot-ethics-20-9780190652951?cc=us&lang=en&#
    • Galliott J, 2016, 'Subcontracting', in Joseph P; Golson G (ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of War, SAGE, Thousand Oaks
    • Galliott J, 2016, 'Emerging Technologies, Asymmetric Force and Terrorist Blowback', in Galliott JAI; Reed W (ed.), Ethics and the Future of Spying: Technology, National Security and intelligence collection, Routledge, London, pp. 158 - 176
    • Galliott J, 2016, 'Cyberwar: Asymmetry and Responsibility', in Hadji-Janev M (ed.), Handbook on Research on Civil Society and National Security in the Era of Cyber Warfare, IGI, Hershey, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-8793-6
    • Lin P;Mehlman M;Abney K;French S;Vallor S;Galliott J;Burnam-Fink M;LaCroix AR;Schuknecht S, 2015, 'Super soldiers: The ethical, legal, and operational implications', in Business Law and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, pp. 1527 - 1548, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-8195-8.ch074
    • Galliott J, 2015, 'Responsibility and war machines: Toward a forward-looking and functional account', in Rethinking Machine Ethics in the Age of Ubiquitous Technology, pp. 152 - 165, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-8592-5.ch008
    • Galliott J, 2015, 'Artificial intelligence and space robotics: Questions of responsibility', in Commercial Space Exploration: Ethics, Policy and Governance, pp. 211 - 226
    • Ketcham C;Galliott J, 2015, 'Outsourcing space', in Commercial Space Exploration: Ethics, Policy and Governance, pp. 299 - 310
    • Galliott J;Lotz M, 2015, 'Introduction', in Galliott J; Lotz M (ed.), Super Soldiers: The Ethical, Legal and Social Implications, Ashgate, Surrey & Burlington, pp. 1 - 8
    • Galliott JC, 2015, 'Of Downton and Drones', in Barkman A; Arp R (ed.), Downton Abbey and Philosophy, edn. Popular Culture and Philosophy® series, Open Court Press, Chicago, pp. 195 - 204, http://www.opencourtbooks.com/books_n/downton.htm
    • Galliott J, 2014, 'Military robotics and emotion: Challenges to just war theory', in Handbook of Research on Synthesizing Human Emotion in Intelligent Systems and Robotics, pp. 386 - 403, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-7278-9.ch019
    • Lin P;Mehlman M;Abney K;Vallor S;French S;Galliott J;Burnam-Fink M;LaCroix A;Schuknecht S, 2014, 'Super Soldiers (Part 2): The Ethical, Legal, and Operational Implications', in Global Issues and Ethical Considerations in Human Enhancement Technologies, IGI Global, Hershey, pp. 139 - 160, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-6010-6
    • Lin P;Mehlman M;Abney K;Galliott J, 2014, 'Super Soldiers (Part 1): What is Military Human Enhancement?', in Thompson S (ed.), Global Issues and Ethical Considerations in Human Enhancement Technologies, IGI Global, pp. 119 - 138, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-6010-6
    • Galliott J, 2014, 'Drones and Terrorist Blowback', in Arp R (ed.), Homeland and Philosophy : for your minds only, edn. Popular culture and philosophy, Open Court Press, Chicago, http://www.opencourtbooks.com/books_n/homeland.htm
    • Galliott J, 2013, 'Who's to Blame?', in Michaud N (ed.), Frankenstein and Philosophy: The Shocking Truth, Open Court Press, Chicago, http://www.opencourtbooks.com/books_n/frankenstein.htm
    • Galliott J, 2013, 'Death's Just a Click Away', in Baltzer-Jaray K; Arp R (ed.), The Good Wife and Philosophy: Temptations of Saint Alicia, Open Court Press, Chicago, http://www.opencourtbooks.com/books_n/good_wife.htm
    • Tobin B, 2011, 'An introduction', in Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, edn. 9, pp. 579 - 580, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1754.2011.02155.x

    Journal articles

    Conference Presentations

    • Galliott JC, 2016, 'The Individualisation of War: Problems and Challenges', presented at Ethics Under Fire, The University of New South Wales, Canberra, 21 - 22 June 2016
    • Galliott J, 2016, 'The Individualisation of War', presented at Meeting of the International Committee of the Red Cross at Australian Antarctic and Maritime Studies Centre, The University of Tasmania, Hobart, 12 - 14 April 2016
    • Galliott J, 2016, 'Proliferation, Disengagement and Disempowerment', presented at CCW informal meeting of experts on lethal autonomous weapons systems, The United Nations Palace of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, 11 - 15 April 2016
    • Galliott JC, 2015, 'The Ethical and Strategic Implications of Drone Use', presented at Emerging Disruptive Technologies Assessment Symposium, The University of New South Wales, Kensington, 15 - 15 July 2015
    • Galliott J, 2014, 'Remotely Piloted Airborne Vehicles and Related Technologies', presented at The Eighth Workshop on the Social Implications of National Security, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, 29 - 30 September 2014
    • Galliott J, 2014, 'Drones and Asymmetry', presented at the 21st Annual Conference of the Australian Association of Professional and Applied Ethics, University of Notre Dame, Australia, 22 - 24 June 2014
    • Galliott J, 2013, 'Uninhabited Military Systems and War's End: Prospects for Lasting Peace', presented at International Studies Association Convention, Hilton Hotel San Francisco, 03 - 06 April 2013
    • Galliott JC, 2012, 'Uninhabited Military Systems: The 'Why?', presented at Technology and the Ethics of Warfare, Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, Canberra, 14 - 14 June 2012
    • Galliott J, 2012, 'The Ascription Problem in Uninhabited Warfare', presented at Workshop on Emerging Military Technologies, Oxford University, 10 - 12 July 2012
    • Galliott J, 2011, 'Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles and the Asymmetry Objection: A Response to Strawser', presented at 17th International Society for Philosophy & Technology conference, University of North Texas, 26 - 29 May 2011

    Recorded / Rendered Creative Works

Honours and prizes

2013 Executive Dean’s Award for Best HDR Publication Record ($500), Macquarie University

2010 Communities of Enquiry Prize ($200), Macquarie University

2007 Medal for Service, The State of New South Wales

Professional contribution

2015-6 Manuscript Reviewer, Routledge & Oxford University press

2014 Reviewer, Ethics and International Affairs

2014 Manuscript Reviewer, Ashgate

2013 Reviewer, Journal of Military Ethics

2013 Reviewer, Ethics and Information Technology

2012 Reviewer, IEEE Technology and Society Magazine

Related links

www.jaigalliott.com