Associate Professor Jesse Cale

MA (Criminology), PhD (Criminology)

School of Social Sciences


+61 (2) 93853225
+61 (2) 93851040
G29 Morven Brown
Kensington Campus
Fields: Criminology, Causes and Prevention of Crime, Criminological Theories, Crime Policy

Jesse completed his PhD in Criminology in 2010 from Simon Fraser University in Canada and was awarded the Governor General of Canada Academic Gold Medal for his doctoral research on the development of sexual aggression over the life-course. Jesse has lectured in criminology at various universities in Canada and Australia and has also worked as a research and policy analyst for the provincial government of British Columbia, Canada. Prior to commencing at UNSW, he was a Research Fellow in the Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice, and Governance at Griffith University (Brisbane, Australia). In 2017 he was a Visiting Scholar at the Institute of Criminology at the University of Cambridge. His main areas of research interest are sexual offending, developmental and life-course criminology, victimisation and victimology, crime prevention and criminal justice policy.


    Book Chapters

    • Cale J;Burton M, 2018, 'Psychopathy and sexual aggression: A review of empirical research', in DeLisi M (ed.), Routledge International Handbook of Psychopathy and Crime, Routledge, London, pp. 334 - 350,
    • Cale J, 2018, 'Classification of perpetrators of sexual offences: An overview of three generations of research and development', in Sexual Offending: A Criminological Perspective, pp. 326 - 348,
    • Cale J;Burton M;Leclerc B, 2017, 'Primary prevention of child sexual abuse: Applications, effectiveness, and international innovations', in Crime Prevention: International Perspectives, Issues, and Trends, pp. 91 - 114,
    • Cale JL, 2017, 'Antisocial Trajectories of Sexual Aggressors of Women', in DeLisi M; Conis P (ed.), Violent Offenders: Theory, Research, Policy, and Practice, Jones & Bartlett Learning
    • Smallbone S;Cale JL, 2016, 'Situational Theories', in Beech AR; Ward T (ed.), The Wiley Handbook on the Theories, Assessment and Treatment of Sexual Offending, Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 289 - 312
    • Winterdyk J;Cale JL, 2016, 'Victims and victimology', in Winterdyk J (ed.), Canadian Criminology, edn. 3, Oxford University Press
    • Dowling C;Cale JL, 2015, 'Crime and Punishment in Australia', in Jennings W (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, Wiley,
    • Smallbone S;Cale J, 2015, 'An Integrated Life-Course Developmental Theory of Sexual Offending', in Sex Offenders: A Criminal Career Approach, pp. 43 - 69,
    • Cale J, 2015, 'Antisocial Trajectories in Youth and the Onset of Adult Criminal Careers in Sexual Offenders of Children and Women', in Sex Offenders: A Criminal Career Approach, pp. 143 - 170,
    • Lussier P;Cale J, 2014, 'Offending pathways and recidivism in extrafamilial sex offenders: Are offending pathways informative about the risk of violent and sexual recidivism?', in Pathways to Sexual Aggression, pp. 259 - 281,
    • Cale JL;Lussier P, 2014, 'A criminal career approach to sex offender subtypes: is there a relationship between pathways in the offending process and the criminal career of extrafamilial sexual offenders?', in Proulx J; Beauregard E; Lussier P; Leclerc B (ed.), Pathways to Sexual Aggression, edn. Routledge Studies in Criminal Behaviour, Routledge, pp. 229 - 255,
    • Cale J, 2013, 'Specialization in youthful offending', in Bruinsma G; Wesiburd D (ed.), Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice, edn. Original, Springer
    • Cohen I;Corrado R;Cale J, 2004, 'The challenges posed by serious and violent young offenders to criminal justice policymakers', in Guis E; Chive S (ed.), Per una politica d'intervento con i minori in difficoltĂ  (Italian)./Toward policy intervention with children in difficulty, edn. 1st, Carocci Editore, Italy,
    • Corrado R;Cohen I;Cale J, 2004, 'Aboriginal Resource Access in Response to Criminal Victimization in an Urban Context', in White JP; Maxim P; Beavon D (ed.), Aboriginal Policy Research Volume II Setting the Agenda for Change, edn. Original, Thompson Education Publishing, Canada,

    Journal articles

    • Singh S;Cale J;Armstrong K, 2019, 'Breaking the Cycle: Understanding the Needs of Women Involved in the Criminal Justice System and the Role of Mentoring in Promoting Desistance', International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, vol. 63, pp. 1330 - 1353,
    • Cale J;Day A;Casey S;Bright D;Wodak J;Giles M;Baldry E, 2019, 'Australian prison vocational education and training and returns to custody among male and female ex-prisoners: A cross-jurisdictional study', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, vol. 52, pp. 129 - 147,
    • Brewer R;Cale J;Goldsmith A;Holt T, 2018, 'Young People, the Internet, and emerging pathways into criminality: A study of Australian adolescents', International Journal of Cyber Criminology, vol. 12, pp. 115 - 132,
    • Cale J;Burton M, 2018, 'Factors Associated with Breaches of Home Detention and Returns to Custody Post Home Detention in South Australia', Current Issues in Criminal Justice -Sydney-, vol. 30, pp. 35 - 56,
    • hilferty F;Lafferty L;valentine K;Cale J;Zmudski F, 2018, 'Changes to home detention in South Australia: Evaluation design and early implementation findings', Advancing Corrections, vol. 5th edition, pp. 34 - 47,
    • Kania R;Cale J, 2018, 'Preventing Sexual Violence Through Bystander Intervention: Attitudes, Behaviors, Missed Opportunities, and Barriers to Intervention Among Australian University Students', Journal of Interpersonal Violence,
    • McCuish EC;Cale J;Corrado RR, 2018, 'A Prospective Study of Offending Patterns of Youth Homicide Offenders Into Adulthood: An Examination of Offending Trajectories and the Crime Mix Posthomicide', Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, vol. 16, pp. 18 - 36,
    • Cale J;Tzoumakis S;Leclerc B;Breckenridge J, 2017, 'Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence victimization among Australia and New Zealand female university students: An initial examination of child maltreatment and self-reported depressive symptoms acros', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, vol. 50, pp. 582 - 601,
    • McCuish EC;Cale J;Corrado RR, 2017, 'Abuse Experiences of Family Members, Child Maltreatment, and the Development of Sex Offending among Incarcerated Adolescent Males: Differences between Adolescent Sex Offenders and Adolescent Non-Sex O', International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, vol. 61, pp. 127 - 149,
    • Cale J;Lussier P, 2017, 'Sexual behaviour in preschool children in the context of intra-parental violence and sexual coercion', Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, vol. 27, pp. 176 - 190,
    • Cale J;Smallbone S;Rayment-McHugh S;Dowling C, 2016, 'Offense Trajectories, the Unfolding of Sexual and Non-Sexual Criminal Activity, and Sex Offense Characteristics of Adolescent Sex Offenders', Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment, vol. 28, pp. 791 - 812,
    • Lussier P;Cale J, 2016, 'Understanding the origins and the development of rape and sexual aggression against women: Four generations of research and theorizing', Aggression and Violent Behavior, vol. 31, pp. 66 - 81,
    • Leclerc B;Chiu YN;Cale J;Cook A, 2016, 'Sexual Violence Against Women Through the Lens of Environmental Criminology: Toward the Accumulation of Evidence-based Knowledge and Crime Prevention', European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, vol. 22, pp. 593 - 617,
    • Leclerc B;Feakes J;Cale J, 2015, 'Child sexual abuse in youth-oriented organisations: Tapping into situational crime prevention from the Offender's perspective', Crime Science, vol. 4,
    • Leclerc B;Cale J, 2015, 'Weapon use and sexual abuse outcomes: A multivariate and conjunctive analysis of sexual offenses against women', Security Journal, vol. 28, pp. 54 - 70,
    • Cale J;Lussier P;McCuish E;Corrado R, 2015, 'The prevalence of psychopathic personality disturbances among incarcerated youth: Comparing serious, chronic, violent and sex offenders', Journal of Criminal Justice, vol. 43, pp. 337 - 344,
    • Leclerc B;Cale J, 2015, 'Adult sex offenders in youth-oriented institutions: Evidence on sexual victimisation experiences of offenders and their offending patterns', Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice
    • Leclerc B;Chiu YN;Cale J, 2014, 'Sexual Violence and Abuse Against Children: A First Review Through the Lens of Environmental Criminology', International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, vol. 60, pp. 743 - 765,
    • Cale J;Leclerc B;Smallbone S, 2014, 'The sexual lives of sexual offenders: the link between childhood sexual victimization and non-criminal sexual lifestyles between types of offenders', Psychology, Crime and Law, vol. 20, pp. 37 - 60,
    • Cale JL, 2014, 'Innovations in the prevention and treatment of youth sexual violence and abuse in Australia', Justice Report, vol. 29, pp. 6 - 8
    • Lussier P;Cale J, 2013, 'Beyond sexual recidivism: A review of the sexual criminal career parameters of adult sex offenders', Aggression and Violent Behavior, vol. 18, pp. 445 - 457,
    • Cale J;Lussier P, 2012, 'Merging developmental and criminal career perspectives: Implications for risk assessment and risk prediction of violent/sexual recidivism in adult sexual aggressors of women', Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment, vol. 24, pp. 107 - 132,
    • Cale J;Lussier P, 2011, 'Toward a developmental taxonomy of adult sexual aggressors of women: Antisocial trajectories in youth, mating effort, and sexual criminal activity in adulthood', Violence and Victims, vol. 26, pp. 16 - 32,
    • Cale J;Plecas D;Cohen IM;Fortier S, 2010, 'An exploratory analysis of factors associated with repeat homicide in Canada', Homicide Studies, vol. 14, pp. 159 - 180,
    • Lussier P;Tzoumakis S;Cale J;Amirault J, 2010, 'Criminal trajectories of adult sex offenders and the age effect: Examining the dynamic aspect of offending in adulthood', International Criminal Justice Review, vol. 20, pp. 147 - 168,
    • Cale J;Lussier P;Proulx J, 2009, 'Heterogeneity in antisocial trajectories in youth of adult sexual aggressors of women: An examination of initiation, persistence, escalation, and aggravation', Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment, vol. 21, pp. 223 - 248,
    • Lussier P;Leclerc B;Cale J;Proulx J, 2007, 'Developmental pathways of deviance in sexual aggressors', Criminal Justice and Behavior, vol. 34, pp. 1441 - 1462,


    • Baldry E;Bright D;Cale J;Day A;Dowse L;Giles M;Hardcastle L;Graffam J;McGillivray J;Newton D;Rowe SD;Wodak J, 2018, A Future Beyond the Wall: Improving Post-release Employment Outcomes for People Leaving Prison Final Report, UNSW Sydney, Sydney,
    • Cale J;Hilferty F;Lafferty L;Zmudzki F;valentine K, 2018, Evaluation of SA Home Detention: research report 1 (baseline analysis), Social Policy Research Centre, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, SPRC Report 21/17,
    • Breckenridge J;Cale JL;Hameed S;McCaskie L;Tzoumakis S, 2015, Implementation of domestic violence clauses: An employer's perspective, Gendered Violence Research Network
    • Cale JL;Breckenridge, Jan, 2015, Gender, education and the perceived causes, nature and extent of domestic and dating violence in Australia, Gendered Violence Research Network, UNSW, Gendered Violence Research Network, UNSW
    • Cale JL;Breckenridge, Jan, 2015, Gender, age, and the perceived causes, nature, and extent of domestic and dating violence in australian society, Gendered Violence Research Network, Gendered Violence Research Network, UNSW Australia
    • Cale JL, 2014, Innovations in the prevention and treatment of youth sexual violence and abuse in Australia, The Canadian Criminal Justice Association, Canada, Justice Report, Volume 29, No 1
    • Mccormick A;Cale J;Cohen I;Corrado R, 2009, The use of on-line pharmacies by British Columbia residents, Centre for Safe Schools and Communities, University of the Fraser Valley, Canada,
    • Cale J;Winterdyk J;Thompson N;Neal P, 2007, Towards a national strategy against mass marketing fraud in Canada, British Columbia Business Practices and Consumer Protection Authority, Canada,

Teaching and Supervision

Honours and prizes

2011: Governor General of Canada Academic Gold Medal


Current funded research projects:

Leclerc, B., Cale, J., Drew, J., Ransley, J., & Holt, T. Boosting crime prevention and crime detection capabilities of online investigators: A script analysis of creation and distribution of child exploitation material.Australian Institute of Criminology. ($114,130).

Malvaso, C., Day, A., Delfabbro, P., Hackett, L., Cale, J., & Ross, S. Adverse childhood experiences and trauma among young people in the Youth Justice system: A South Australian study. Australian Institute of Criminology, Criminology Research Council Grants. ($75,900).

valentine, k., & Cale, J. (2017-2019). Evaluation of Home Detention in South Australia. Funded by the Department for Correctional Services South Australia. ($290,000).

Goldsmith, A., Brewer, R., Cale, J., & Holt, T. (2017-2021). Becoming a delinquent online: A longitudinal adolescent study. Australian Research Council Discovery Project: DP170103538. ($296,000).

Past funded research projects:

Baldry, E., Dowse, L., Bright, D., Graffam, J., Day, A., Cale, J., McGillivray, J., Bartlett, M., Ollerton, J., Christian, D., Spencer, S., Matin, A., Chavez, R., Giles, M. (2014-2017).A Future Beyond the Wall: Improving Post-release Employment Outcomes for People Leaving Prison.Australian Research Council Linkage Project: LP140100329. ($304,221).

Cale, J. (2010). Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship Grant. (Awarded). ($38,000).

McCormick, A., Cale, J., Cohen, I., Corrado, C. (2009). The Use of On-line Pharmacies by British Columbia Residents. Funded by the British Columbia Centre for Social Responsibility. ($20,000).

Cale, J. (2008). Personnel Security Screening Survey Development Project. Funded by the Office of the Chief Information Officer, British Columbia, Canada. ($20,000).

Cale, J., & Winterdyk, J. (2007). National Mass Marketing Fraud Study. Research collaboration with Mount Royal University. Jointly funded by the British Columbia Business Practices and Consumer Protection Authority and Alberta Justice Department, Canada. ($20,000).

Cale, J. (2006). Program Evaluation Review of Demand Reduction Strategies for Prostitution in Canada. Funded by the Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General, British Columbia, Canada. ($5,000).

Engagement and Professional contributions

Visiting Scholar, Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge (2017)

Member, American Society of Criminology (ASC)

Executive Counselor: Division for Developmental and Life-course Criminology (ASC) (2013-2017)/Member 2013-present

UNSW Faculty Promotions Committee (2016-2018)

Editorial Board:Journal of Developmental and Life-course Criminology

Editorial Board: Victims and Offenders: An International Journal of Evidence-Based Research, Policy, and Practice